History of USA

History of America USA

American Revolutionary war

•It is also referred as American war of independence
•Period of 1775 to 1783

•Armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 colonies of North America

Thirteen Colonies

                                                  13 Original colonies

■Virginia                         ■North Carolina
▖Massachusetts              ■South Carolina
■New Hampshire            ▖New Jersy
■Maryland                     ▖New York
▖Connecticut                ■   Pennsylvania
■Rhode Island               ■Georgia (everyone forgets this one)
        
                              ■Delaware

Causes of War

-Parliament taxes
-Tea act
-Sugar act
-Stamp act
-Townshend acts
-Boston Massacre
-Boston tea party

French and Indian War

-Behan in 1763 (July 3)
-Between England and Britain over land in North America
-Cost England lot of Money
-Lasted 7 years

Result of French and Indian War

-British territorial claims expanded in America
-British debt grew in order to finance the war
-Resentment grew in British parliament over finance issue
-American colonists united for the 1st time against a common enemy
-France’s influence in North America dwindled

Proclamation Act of 1763

-The Royal Proclamation act of 1763 was issued October 7,1763, by King George III following Great Britian’s acquisition of French territory in North  America after the end of French territory and Indian war/seven years’ war , which forbade all settlement past a line draw along the Appalachian Mountains..

-British wanted to control colonies and impose taxes to pay for cost of war
-Act forbade colonists from moving to west
-Send 10000 soldiers to control the situation
-British was not in a position to afford another war
-Colonists ignored British order and moved for Islands

Parliament Taxes

– Parliament imposed taxes on colonists
-Tea act of 1973
-Colonists boycotted English tea
-Led to Boston tea party

Sugar Act 1764

-King George wanted colonists to pay for cost of French and Indian war
-Taxed Sugar and Wine
-Anger/Frustration
-Boycotted British products
-Colonists made their own wine and sugar

Currency Act 1764

-England passes laws to require British debt be paid in the form of Gold and Silver
-It angers colonists further

Stamp Act 1765

-Tax on anything written on paper, stamps, legal documents, contract, wills, cards and even newspapers
-Special stamp to show the purchase
-Colonists boycotted British goods
-Tax repeald by King George in 1766

Townshend Acts

-Tax on glass paint paper and tea
-Colonists Reaction
-Boycotted products
-:Protests and secret meeting
-No taxation without representation
-No choice in taxation

Boston Massarce

– The Boston Massarce, known as the incident on king street by the British, was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others

Boston Tea Party

-Sons of liberty dump British tea. On this day in 1973,  a group of Massachusetts colonists disguised as Mohwk Indians board three British tea ships moored in Boston Harbor and dump 342 Chests of tea into the water. Now known as the “Boston Tea Party” the midnight raid was a protest of the Tea Act of 1773

The Sons of liberty

The Sons of Liberty was an organization that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies. The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government. They played a major role in most colonies in battling the Stamp Act in 17

Battles of laxington and Concord

-Patriots stored weapons in Concord
-British marched to Lexington to capture Samuels Adams and John Hancock, leaders of Sons of Liberty (17th April 1775)
-Sons of Liberty formed to stop collection of taxes. It included Paul revere and John Adams
-British attacked Concord to capture weapons of minutemen
{minutemen were volunteers fishermen, farmers & tradesmen}

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